Child adoption is basically the process by which a child becomes a member of a new family. In this process the adoptive parents are entitled to handle the rights and responsibilities of biological parents. This means that as they take custody of the child, they are also taking parental responsibilities for the child, be it social, emotional or legal.
Child adoption is known and legally considered throughout the world. Many countries are considering it today with the intention of providing abandoned children with permanent and security. With this aim being widely recognized, the face of child adoption has changed significantly over the years. In the past, only babies were considered for adoption, but today, the concept of child adoption has expanded to include children of all ages.
There are certain reasons that children of all ages are considered for child adoption. Perhaps one of the most obvious is that children, as human beings, have the right to know and trace their roots. They, of course, need to feel that there is a family waiting for them to be part of the family and be cared for. Well, this feeling of belonging is what really affects the children's sense of self worth. Without this, children would not know how to determine themselves in relation to others. They would not even know how to deal with their communities. This lack of attention and appreciation would even drive children to suffer some kind of behavioral problems.
Another reason that child adoption was considered legal in almost every country is that many couples, especially those who have failed to conceive, are looking for children to complete their family. Many of these couples believe that children will enrich their lives and that as couples hoping to be parents, even not to their own children, they have a lot to offer a child in need. So it's no wonder that many of those who have considered child adoption have no biological children, but this doesn't mean that parents who have biological children do not consider child adoption. The truth of the matter is, 30% of those who consider child adoption are parents who already have children but want to enlarge their family through adopting.
Read more about child adoption / baby adoption in our how-to guide for 2014!