Human anatomy or anthropotomy is a special field within anatomy that studies the structure of the human body, whereas the study of tissues to histology and cells to cytology.
The human body, like the bodies of animals, consisting of a system, which consists of organs, which consists of a network, which consists of cells.
Anatomy of the Human Body is arranged into several parts of the body systems, namely:
1. System Framework
Human skeleton consists of a composition of various kinds of bone are related to each other, comprising:
Bone head: 8 buahkerangka-dada.jpg
Skeleton chest: 25 pieces
Facial bones: 14 pieces
Spine and hip: 26 pieces
The bones of the inner ear: 6 pieces
Arm bones: 64 pieces
Bone tongue: 1 piece Bone feet: 62 pieces
Framework functions include:
hold the entire body parts in order not to collapse
protect the delicate organs such as the brain, heart, and lungs
point of attachment of the muscles
to the movement of the body through muscle
the making of blood cells, especially red blood cells
give shape to the fruit body building
Ie shoulder girdle joints that connect the arms to the body. The ankle joint has a bowl that is not perfect because the back is open.
tl-bahu.jpg Bracelet consists shoulders above the clavicle curved form of the letter S, and the scapula is a flat triangular bone.
Shoulder girdle associated with weight truss only at one place. The other end is connected to the middle of the clavicle over the edge of the sternum by chest-collar joints. Outer end of the collarbone with a taju associated with the scapula (shoulder tip) through the joint akromioklavikula.
joint-lutut.jpg The lower end of the thigh bone joints have two bumps that relies on field over the shins. Thus forming a joint called the knee joint. On the front wall of the knee joint are kneecap.
2. System Muscles
muscle-punggung.jpg true back muscles are two very complex sequence structure, located next to the rear right and left spine, filling the space between the spines and taju taju latitude. True back muscles were almost completely covered by a secondary back muscles which actually includes the muscles of the upper and lower limbs. The second sequence is called enforcement trunk muscles and the body is very important for posture and movement of the spine.
3. Circulatory System
Heart-shaped conifers are lying upside down. Location of the heart in the body such that the tip of the conifers (cardiac end) pointing downwards, forwards and to the left. Heart base pointing upwards, backwards and slightly to the right. On the basis of this assembled aortic heart, aorta lungs, veins rod up and down along with the two (or four pulmonary veins).
jantung.jpg section in the heart consists of four spaces: left atrium, left ventricle, right atrium and right ventricle. The left atrium and left ventricle relate to one another, as well as the right atrium and right ventricle. The left part of the right side of the heart are separated by a diaphragm heart.
4. Respiratory System
Lung - lung is an organ composed mostly of bubbles (bubble air / alveoli). Air bubbles composed of epithelial cells and endothelial cells. The number of lung bubbles approximately 700 million units (the right lung and the left).
The lungs are located in the chest cavity. In the middle of the chest cavity is the lungs while in front of the chest cavity is the heart.
paru.jpg lungs lungs consist of two parts: the right lung and the left lung. Right lung is divided into three sides of lung (lobe) is split over the lung, pulmonary split down the middle and sides of the lungs. The left lung is divided into two sides, namely pulmonary lung sectioned top and bottom sides of the lungs.
5. Sense System
Visual apparatus consists of eyeballs, optic nerve, and eye additional tools.
The eyeball is round, only the front field deviates from a perfect spherical shape because cornea is more prominent in the future.
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