Panchatantra (पन्चतन्त्रम् / panchatantram) stories are famous among young and adults alike all over the world. Panchatantra was written in Sanskrit in 200 BC by a great Sanskrit scholar named Vishnu Sharma. It traveled to Persia, Greece and then Europe. Since the original composition, it has been translated into more than 50 languages and is famous in many countries.
Panchatantra is a collection of animal stories (fables) each giving valuable insight into politics, moral code of conduct, and practical wisdom. In essence it teaches Neeti Shashtra or A Book Of Wise Conduct In Life, through animal stories. It teaches the practical aspects of life like - understanding people; choosing reliable friends; coming out of difficult situations wisely; and living in peace while facing deceit, hypocrisy and many problems in life.
Origin of Panchatantra is mentioned in the beginning of Panchatantra itself. It is said that in certain state in Southern India there was a city named Mahilaropya where a just King named Amarshakti used to rule. The king had three sons named Vahushakti, Ugrashakti, and Anantashakti. The three sons who were though intelligent were not interested in any kind of learning or education. King Amarshakti was worried about the future of the state and the princes.