Vivekchudamani is a famous Sanskrit poem ascribed to Adi Shankaracharya in the eighth century. It expounds the Advaita Vedanta philosophy. Shankara describes developing Viveka the human faculty of discrimination the central task in the spiritual life and calls it the crown jewel among the essentials for Moksha.The text begins with salutations to Govinda, which can be interpreted either as referring to God or to his guru Sri Govinda Bhagavatpada. It then expounds the significance of Self Realisation, ways to reach it, and the characteristics of a Guru. It criticizes attachment to the body and goes to explain the various Sareeras, Kosas, Gunas, Senses and Pranas which constitute the Anatman. It teaches the disciple the ways to attain Self-realisation, methods of meditation (dhyana) and introspection of the Atman. The Vivekachudamani describes the characteristics of an enlightened human being (Jivanmukta) and a person of steady wisdom (Sthitaprajna) on the lines of Bhagavad Gita.
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