ACN is a Multi-level marketing (MLM) company that provides telecommunications, television, energy and other services through a network of independent sales agents known as "Independent Business Owners" (IBOs), who themselves recruit new sales agents below them. Based in Concord, North Carolina, USA, ACN began operations in the US in 1993 as American Communications Network. It extended operations to Europe in 1999, to the Pacific in 2006, to Asia in 2011, and now operates in 23 countries, on four continents. As a reflection of its international operations, it changed its name to just the initial letters ACN. The company is a member of the Direct Selling Associations in North America  and Europe.