Manicures (for the hands) and pedicures (for the feet) are health and cosmetic procedures to groom, trim, and paint the nails and manage calluses. They require various tools such as cuticle scissors, nail scissors, nail clippers, and nail files. Artificial nails can also be fixed onto real nails for cosmetic purposes.
A person whose occupation is to cut, shape and care for nails as well as to apply overlays such as acrylic and UV Gel is sometimes called a nail technician. The place where a nail technician works may be a nail salon or nail shop or nail bar.
Painting the nails with coloured nail polish (also called nail lacquer and nail varnish) to improve the appearance is a common practice dating back to at least 3000 B.C.
Guinness World Records began tracking record fingernail lengths in 1955, when an unnamed Chinese priest was listed as having fingernails 22.75 inches (57.8 cm) long.
The current record-holder for men, according to Guinness, is Shridhar Chillal of India who set the record in 1998 with a total of 242.25 inches (615.3 cm) of nails on his left hand. His longest nail, on his thumb, was 4.8 feet (1.5 m) long.
The record-holder for women is Lee Redmond of the U.S., who set the record in 2001 and as of 2008 had nails with a total length on both hands of 28 feet (8.5 m), with the longest nail on her right thumb at 2 feet 11 inches (89 cm).