Diwali (also spelled Devali in certain regions) or Deepavali,[note 1] popularly known as the "festival of lights," is a five day festival which starts on Dhanteras, celebrated on thirteenth lunar day of Krishna paksha (dark fortnight) of the Hindu calendar month Ashwin and ends on Bhaubeej, celebrated on second lunar day of Shukla paksha (bright fortnight) of the Hindu calendar month Kartik.
In gregorian calendar, Diwali festival is celebrated between mid-October and mid-November.
The name "Diwali" or "Divali" is a contraction of "Deepavali" (Sanskrit: Dipavali), which translates into "row of lamps".
Diwali involves the lighting of small clay lamps (Sanskrit: Dipa) filled with oil to signify the triumph of good over evil.
These lamps are kept on during the night and one's house is cleaned, both done in order to make the goddess Lakshmi feel welcome.
Firecrackers are burst in order to drive away evil spirits.
During Diwali, all the celebrants wear new clothes and share sweets and snacks with family members and friends.
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