Sailing ship Live Wallpaper
The term sailing ship is now used to refer to any large wind-powered vessel. In technical terms, a ship was a sailing vessel with a specific rig of at least three masts, square rigged on all of them, making the sailing adjective redundant. In popular usage "ship" became associated with all large sailing vessels and when steam power came along the adjective became necessary. Large sailing vessels which are not ship rigged may be more appropriately called boats.
There are many types of sailing ships, mostly distinguished by their rigging, hull, keel, or number and configuration of masts. There are also many types of smaller sailboats not listed here. The following is a list of vessel types, many of which have changed in meaning over time:barque, or bark: at least three masts, fore-and-aft rigged mizzen mast
barquentine: at least three masts with all but the foremost fore-and-aft rigged
bilander: a ship or brig with a lug-rigged mizzen sail
brig: two masts square rigged (may have a spanker on the aftermost)
brigantine: two masts, with the foremast square-rigged
catamaran: vessel with two parallel hulls, usually identical or mirror images, linked by beams and deck or "trampoline", with a central mast or hull mounted in rarer circumstances e.g. Team Philips.
clipper: a square-rigged merchant ship of the 1840–50s designed for speedy passages
cog: plank built, one mast, square rigged
corvette: an imprecise term for a small, often ship-rigged vessel
cutter: Fore-and-aft rigged, single mast with two headsails
dhow: a lateen-rigged merchant or fishing vessel
dinghy: a small open boat, usually one mast
wangga ndrua or drua, a sacred double hull canoe of Fiji, last made in the 1880s.
frigate: a ship-rigged European warship with a single gundeck, designed for commerce-raiding and reconnaissance
fluyt: a Dutch oceangoing merchant vessel, rigged similarly to a galleon
full-rigged ship: three or more masts, all of them square rigged
galleon: a large, primarily square-rigged vessel of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
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