Adithya Hrudayam Stotram
by: V K R • 1.6K
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========================"Sarva Loka Sukhino Bhavantu"========================
Surya (Sanskrit:Surya,"the Supreme Light")is the chief solar deity in Hinduism. The term Surya also refers to Sun, in general.Surya is the chief of the Navagraha, Indian "Classical planets" and important elements of Hindu astrology. He is often depicted riding a chariot harnessed by seven horses or one horse with seven heads,which represent the seven colours of the rainbow or the seven chakras. He also presides over Sunday. Surya is regarded as the Supreme Deity by Saura sect, which now has a very small following. Smartas worship him as one of the five primary forms of God.
Surya as the Sun is worshipped at dawn by most Hindus and has many temples dedicated to him across India. He also enjoys worship as a part of the Navagraha. He is especially worshipped in the Hindu festivals of Ratha Saptami, Makar Sankranti, Chhath and Samba Dashami,Surya is also known as 'Mitra' (meaning friend) for his life nourishing properties
Surya is also called Surya-Narayana, the Supreme Lord of the Universe,He is the Self of all the gods and most effulgent. He is the abode of all the glorious rays of purity and knowledge. It is he who rules and protects the whole universe through his unfailing and penetrating beams. He is the Lord Brahma, Vishnu and Siva, that is Parameshwara or the Supreme Lord who assumes the creation, preservation and dissolution of the world. He is the formless and nameless Godhead who has taken the forms of Skanda, Prajapati, Mahendra, Kubera, Kala, Yama, Soma and Varuna. He is the Pitrus, the Vasus, the Sadhyas, the two Aswins, the Maruts and the lawgiver Manu. He is also Vayu, Agni, all beings, Hiranyagarbha or the Cosmic Prana, the maker of seasons and the light-maker.Surya is also acknowledged as one of the eight forms of Lord Shiva (Astamurti). Surya is the lord of excellence and wisdom.
About Adithya Hrudayam(The heart of Sun God):
This prayer is possibly the greatest one addressed to the Sun and occurs in Yudha Kanda of Ramayana.Lord Rama after ceaseless battle with Ravana is not able to kill him and is perplexed.At that time the devas who have assembled in the sky advice him to ask the advice from Sage Agasthya and he does it. Sage Agasthya teaches him about this great prayer and Lord Rama subsequently was able to kill Ravana.
About Surya Ashtakam(Octet to Sun God):
Surya Ashtakam is the devotional Prayer to Lord Surya (Planet Sun),Surya Ashtakam is taken from ancient Hindu text Samba Puranam. This was told by Samba who is the son of Lord Sri Krishna and Jambavati,This is one of the most powerful Navagraha prayers to Lord Surya.
About 108 names of Surya:
These are the hundred and eight names of Surya of immeasurable energy, as told by the self-create (Brahma). These names where disclosed by Lord Brahma, the self created, to the illustrious Sakra, and from Sakra to Narada, Narada to Dhaumya,Dhaumya to the sons of Pritha, the Pandavas.
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1. Adithya Hrudayam and Surya Ashtakam,Sanskrit Transliteration,English Translation and their Meaning with Audio.
3. 108 names of surya and their meaning searchable for naming baby's.
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"Sarva Loka Sukhino Bhavantu"